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what is Cybersecurity and How to Secure network and Data


what is Cybersecurity and How to Secure   network and Data

The purpose of this training course is to provide students with information about cybersecurity threats and how they affect businesses. Students will learn about the different types of cyber-attacks, their causes, and what steps companies should take to protect themselves. In addition, students will learn about the various tools and techniques that organizations use to detect and prevent these attacks. Finally, students will learn about best practices for securing networks and data.

1. What are Cyber Security Threats

 There are many different types of cyber-attacks that occur throughout the world. These attacks range from simple viruses to advanced malware programs designed to steal sensitive information. There are two primary categories of cyber attacks: targeted and non-targeted. Targeted attacks are those that specifically target individuals or groups of people. Non-targeted attacks are those that do not have specific targets. Examples of non-targeted attacks include phishing emails, spam emails, and denial of service (DoS) attacks.

 2. What are the Causes of Attacks

 Attacks may be caused by any number of factors including human error, malicious software, and even natural disasters. Human errors are often the result of negligence or ignorance. Malicious software includes computer viruses, worms, trojans, spyware, adware, and rootkits. A natural disaster could be anything from a tornado to a flood.

3. Types of Attacks

 There are three basic types of attacks: Denial of Service (DoS), Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS), and Information Leakage. DoS attacks are intended to make a network unavailable to its users. DDoS attacks are similar to DoS attacks except that they are distributed across multiple computers instead of just one. Information leakage occurs when someone steals confidential information from a company’s system.

4. Tools Used to Detect and Prevent Attacks

 There are several methods that organizations use to detect cyber attacks. One method involves using firewalls and intrusion detection systems (IDS). Firewalls are devices that block unauthorized access to a network while IDS are programs that monitor traffic on a network and alert administrators if something suspicious happens. Another method is to use honeypots. Honeypots are fake websites that look exactly like real ones. When attackers attempt to gain access to a legitimate website, they will likely try to get past the firewall and IDS before getting to the actual site. Once they reach the honeypot, they will notice that the website does not exist and they will leave. Organizations can also use behavioral analysis to identify potential hackers. The behavioral analysis looks at the way a hacker behaves online to determine whether he/she is a threat.

5. Best Practices for Securing Networks and Data

 A good security practice is to create strong passwords and change them regularly. Passwords should be unique and difficult to guess. Strong passwords should include numbers, letters, and symbols. Passwords should never be shared between employees or stored in files that are easily accessible. If possible, passcodes should be changed frequently. Companies should also implement multi-factor authentication. Multi-factor authentication requires additional verification beyond simply entering a password. An example of multi-factor authentication would be requiring a user to enter his username and password along with a code sent via text message or phone call.

6. Conclusion

 This training course provides students with knowledge about cybersecurity threats and how to protect themselves. Students will learn about different types of cyber attacks and the tools and techniques that organizations utilize to detect and prevent them. In addition, students can learn about best practices for protecting networks and data. 

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